20 August, 2019

I do believe it's time for another adventure. in Cambodia #SMSnotes


I do believe it's time for another adventure.
The Mekong River is a major river in Southeast Asia that flows through multiple countries, including Laos and Cambodia. The Mekong River runs through both of these countries and plays a significant role in their landscapes, cultures, and economies.





The Mekong River is one of the longest rivers in the world, and its basin covers several countries, including China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. The river is a vital waterway for transportation, irrigation, and fishing for the people living along its banks.
One notable area where the Mekong River runs alongside Laos and Cambodia is the "Four Thousand Islands" region, also known as Si Phan Don in Lao language. This region is located in southern Laos, near the border with Cambodia, and it's characterized by numerous islands and islets in the Mekong River. It's a popular tourist destination known for its natural beauty, waterfalls, and relaxed atmosphere.

I do believe it's time for another adventure.



I do believe it's time for another adventure



I do believe it's time for another adventure.

I do believe it's time for another adventure.



I do believe it's time for another adventure.



I do believe it's time for another adventure.

19 August, 2019

River meets up Laos and Cambodia #SMSnotes


River meets up Laos and Cambodia on August 2019 #SMSnotes
he Mekong River forms a natural border between Laos and Cambodia. The Mekong River indeed serves as a boundary between these two countries in certain areas.


One prominent location where the Mekong River acts as a natural border between Laos and Cambodia is the area around the Khone Phapheng Falls, which is part of the Four Thousand Islands region I mentioned earlier.





The Mekong River
These falls are located in southern Laos and mark the border between Laos and Cambodia. The Mekong River splits into multiple channels and cascades over a series of waterfalls, creating a breathtaking natural spectacle.





The Mekong River is the longest river in Southeast Asia. The river has a length of approximately 4,900 km, flowing from its source on the Tibetan Plateau in China through Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia and Viet Nam via a large delta into the sea.









Laos and Cambodia to Build Friendship Bridge Across Xelamphao River
Another significant area where the Mekong River defines the border between Laos and Cambodia is the northernmost part of Cambodia, near the city of Stung Treng.





Here, the river separates the two countries, and there are various islands and landforms within the river that contribute to the natural border. Laos and Cambodia are to build a bridge crossing the Xelamphao River, connecting Champasack, Laos with Preah Vihear Province, Cambodia. Minister of Foreign Affairs Saleumxay Kommasith met with his Cambodian counterpart, Prak Sokhonn, yesterday, confirming the location of the bridge.





According to the Khmer Times, both countries had initially agreed upon a location, however Laos then requested a review in order to find a more suitable location.
The new location for the bridge was decided upon late last month after a Lao and Cambodian joint working team undertook a field survey.





The bridge, which crosses the Xelamphao River (named the Ropov River in Cambodia) will link Mounlapamok District, Champasack, with Thapeuay sub-district, Preah Vihear Province, Cambodia. The river currently serves as a border demarcation.





According to a spokesperson of the Cambodian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the bridge is to improve connections between the country, boosting trade and tourism for both nations.
Both countries are to cooperate in building the bridge, however the cost of construction is yet to be confirmed.





Mr. Sokhonn and Mr. Kommasith also discussed cross-border drug trafficking. Mr. Sounry said Mr. Sokhonn urged cooperation between both countries against drugs and that Mr. Kommasith agreed fully.

















































18 August, 2019

Stueng Trang #SMSnotes #Cambodia


Stung Treng is located in the northern part of the country and is known for its natural beauty, as it is situated along the Mekong River. The provincial capital, also called Stung Treng, is a small town that serves as a gateway for travelers exploring the northeastern region of Cambodia. This area is relatively remote and offers a more off-the-beaten-path experience compared to some of the more touristy parts of the country.
Mekong River: Stung Treng is situated along the Mekong River, which plays a significant role in the local economy and lifestyle. The river provides opportunities for fishing, transportation, and agriculture.
Gateway to Laos: Stung Treng is also a common starting point for travelers heading to southern Laos. There are border crossings nearby that connect Cambodia and Laos, offering access to the 4,000 Islands region in Laos.
Waterfalls: The province is home to some beautiful waterfalls, including the Sekong River Waterfall and the O'Svay Waterfall. These natural attractions are popular spots for both locals and tourists.


Rural Atmosphere: Stung Treng offers a more relaxed and rural atmosphere compared to some of the more tourist-heavy areas of Cambodia. It's a great place to experience local Cambodian life and culture.
Eco-Tourism: The province is becoming increasingly popular for eco-tourism and adventure activities. Visitors can explore the surrounding forests, engage in bird-watching, and go trekking.


Local Markets: Stung Treng town has local markets where you can experience everyday life and shop for local products and fresh produce.
Transportation: The road between Siem Reap and Stung Treng is mostly paved and well-traveled, making it accessible for travelers. You can reach Stung Treng by bus, minivan, or private vehicle.

17 August, 2019

Angkor Wat, Cambodia #SMSnotes



Angkor Wat Renovation at many parts taken on August 2019 #SMSnotes #Cambodia
Angkor Wat is a famous temple complex located in Siem Reap, Cambodia. It is one of the most important archaeological sites in Southeast Asia and is considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here are some key facts about Angkor Wat:





Historical Significance: Angkor Wat was originally constructed in the early 12th century by King Suryavarman II as a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Vishnu. It later became a Buddhist temple.
Architectural Marvel: It is renowned for its stunning architecture and intricate bas-reliefs. The temple complex covers a vast area and is designed to represent Mount Meru, which is considered the home of the gods in Hindu and Buddhist cosmology.
Religious Transition: Originally dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu, it later became a Buddhist temple. This transition is reflected in the various carvings and statues found throughout the complex.



Cultural Icon: Angkor Wat is a symbol of Cambodia and is prominently featured on the country's flag. It is also depicted on various denominations of the Cambodian riel.
UNESCO World Heritage Site: In 1992, Angkor Wat, along with the surrounding archaeological sites, was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This status helps to preserve and protect its cultural and historical significance.
Tourist Attraction: Angkor Wat is a major tourist destination, drawing millions of visitors from around the world every year. It's one of the most popular tourist spots in Southeast Asia.



Archaeological Research: The complex continues to be a subject of extensive archaeological research. Ongoing studies aim to uncover more about its history, construction techniques, and the civilization that built it.





Sunrise at Angkor Wat: One of the most iconic experiences for visitors is watching the sunrise over Angkor Wat. This creates a spectacular view with the temple's silhouette against the changing colors of the sky.

Surrounding Complex: Angkor Wat is just one part of a much larger complex of temples and structures spread over an area of more than 400 square kilometers. Other famous temples in the area include Bayon, Ta Prohm, and Angkor Thom.















Conservation Challenges: Due to its popularity, there are ongoing concerns about the impact of tourism on the site. Efforts are made to balance preservation with accessibility to the public.

16 August, 2019

Lotus field in Cambodia #SMSnotes


The lotus flower is a symbol of purity, enlightenment, and rebirth in many cultures, particularly in Buddhism and Hinduism. It is known for growing in muddy waters but emerging as a beautiful and pristine flower. The lotus is often used as a metaphor for spiritual growth and transformation.
We stumbled across this little place whilst driving by. So we stopped and had a little wonder around. The lotus farms are beautiful and very peaceful.



Lotus farming is a big and important business for people in Cambodia. The lotus plant is an aquatic perennial that grows in shallow, murky waters. It has large, round leaves that float on the water's surface and beautiful, fragrant flowers that come in various colors, including white, pink, and blue. The lotus plant has cultural significance in various parts of the world and is often associated with spiritual and religious symbolism.



Some families only depend on the income from lotus farming, lotuses have high economic value and high demand from hotels, restaurants, temples, shops, and lotus workshops that produce lotus flower fabric.
In meditation and yoga, the lotus position is a cross-legged sitting posture with each foot placed on the opposite thigh. It is a stable and balanced position often used for meditation and breathing exercises.



On the other hand, water conditions and soil conditions around Mekong Delta are favorable conditions by nature for lotus growth.
The lotus motif appears in literature, art, and various cultural contexts across the world, often carrying symbolic and metaphorical meanings related to purity, growth, transformation, and spiritual awakening.
The flower is one of the most abundant species in the country, naturally taking root in lakes, rivers, ponds, and even roadside ditches. It is closely related to the sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) found in Asia, and they both belong to the Nelumbo genus.



Where it does not grow, Cambodians who love the pink and white blooms plant them. Lotus like full sun and need at least 6 hours of light per day. A warm area. Lotus thrive at a water temperature around 75 to 87 degrees Fahrenheit. A large, deep pot with no holes in the bottom. Taller varieties of lotus can grow in water up to 18 inches or deeper, while dwarf varieties do best in water two to 12 inches deep. In winter, lotuses can be left in the pond so long as the tubers are protected from ice.





When the lotus flower blooms above murky waters, it is said to symbolize enlightenment and purity. The pink lotus is a specific variation of the lotus flower, characterized by its beautiful pink color. It holds significant symbolism in various cultures, particularly in Buddhism and Hinduism.



Amazing lotus flower and the whole meaning of this powerful and beautiful plant. In Buddhism, different colors of lotus flowers hold specific meanings. The pink lotus is generally associated with the highest spiritual purity and enlightenment. It represents the supreme state of spiritual realization, often reserved for the most revered deities and enlightened beings. The pink lotus is associated with several Hindu deities. For example, in Hindu mythology, the goddess Lakshmi, who symbolizes wealth, prosperity, and beauty, is often depicted seated on a pink lotus. This symbolizes her purity and divine presence.



Nelumbo nucifera, also known as sacred lotus, Laxmi lotus, Indian lotus, or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae. It is sometimes colloquially called a water lily, though this more often refers to members of the family Nymphaeaceae.



Like all lotus flowers, the pink lotus holds a metaphorical message of growth and transformation. Its emergence from the mud and its ability to bloom into a pristine and beautiful flower symbolize the potential for spiritual growth and enlightenment amid challenging or adverse conditions.



The pink lotus is often featured in art, literature, and various forms of visual expression for its aesthetic appeal and symbolic significance. It has been a source of inspiration for artists and creators across cultures. Different cultures may interpret the symbolism of the pink lotus in their own unique ways, but the overarching themes of purity, spirituality, and enlightenment remain central.



The lotus flower has a variety of different meanings in different cultures. In general, however, the lotus is seen as a symbol of purity, spiritual enlightenment, and rebirth. It is considered sacred in Eastern cultures.



The lotus will probably be the last thing to begin to grow in your pond. Blooms last up to three days. The lotus is a perennial, which means once it has taken hold in your pond, it should bloom for years.



Lotus has developed the following adaptations to live in water: The roots specialized to take in oxygen from water. The leaves are flat hence they help in floating. Air sacs present also help in floating.



Because lotuses rise from the mud without stains, they are often viewed as a symbol of purity. Since they return to the murky water each evening and open their blooms at the break of day, lotus flowers are also symbols of strength, resilience, and rebirth.

15 August, 2019

The way to a high school in Cambodia #SMSnotes


High School in Cambodia

In Cambodia, an education system has been in place since at least the thirteenth century. Traditionally, Cambodian education took place in the Wats (Buddhist monasteries) and was offered exclusively to the male population. The education involved basic literature, the foundation of religion, and skills for daily life like carpentry, artistry, craftwork, constructing, playing instruments, etc.





This ‘traditional’ education was gradually changed when Cambodia was a French colony (1863-1953). The French introduced a formal education system influenced by a Western educational model, which was developed through the independence period (the 1960s), alongside with traditional education. During the following civil wars, the education system suffered a chronic crisis and was completely destroyed during the Red Khmer regime (the 1970s). Between the 1980s and 1990s, education was reconstructed from almost ‘nothing’ and has been gradually developed until now.

Presently, after its reform in 1996, the formal educational structure of Cambodia is formulated in 6+3+3. This means 12 years for the completion of general education divides up into six years for primary education (grade 1 to 6) and six years for secondary general education (grade 7 to 12). Secondary education consists of three years each for lower secondary education (grades 7 to 9) and upper secondary education (grade 10 to 12). This formulation does not include at least one year of preschool education (kindergarten) for children from 3 to below 6 years old and university education of 4 to 5 years.



Two other components of the Cambodian educational structure involve non-formal education providing all children, youth, adults, and disabled people with literacy and access to life skills. The other component is teacher training education. This allows students that successfully completed grade 12 or grade 9 to pursue teacher certificates at provincial teacher training colleges (for primary school teachers) or regional teacher training centers (for lower secondary school teachers).

Currently, the educational system is run by the Cambodian state, but private education exists at all levels and is run by the private sector. Most private schools offering preschool education and general education have been operated by communities of ethnic and religious minorities including Chinese, Muslim, French, English, and Vietnamese. Private higher education is accessible mainly in the capital of the country, but it is also available throughout the provinces of Cambodia.


Cambodian general education is based on a national school curriculum that consists of two main parts: basic education and upper secondary education. The basic education curriculum is divided into three cycles of three years each. The first cycle (grade 1-3) consists of 27-30 lessons per week lasting 40 minutes which are allocated to the five main subjects: • Khmer (13 lessons) • Maths (7 lessons) • Science & Social Studies including Arts (3 lessons) • Physical and Health Education (2 lessons) and local life skills program (2-5 lessons)

The second cycle (grade 4-6) comprises the same number of lessons but is slightly different: • Khmer (10 for grade 4 and 8 for grade 5-6) • Maths (6 for grade 4-6) • Science (3 for grade 4 and 4 for grade 5-6) • Social Studies including arts (4 for grade 4 and 5 for grade 5-6) • Physical and Health Education (2 for grade 4-6) • Local life skills program (2-5 for grade 4-6).


The third cycle (grade 7-9) consists of 32-35 lessons which are allocated for 7 major subjects: • Khmer • Maths • Social Studies and Science (6 lessons respectively) • Foreign languages (4 lessons) • Physical & Health Education and Sports (2 lessons) • Local life skills program (2-5 lessons)






The Upper Secondary Education curriculum consists of two different phases. The curriculum for the first phase (grade 10) is identical to the third cycle of primary education (see above). The second phase (grade 11-12) has two main components: Compulsory and Electives. Compulsory involves four major subjects with different numbers of lessons allocated per week: Khmer literature (6 lessons), Physical & Health Education and Sports (2 lessons), Foreign language: English or French (must choose one, 4 lessons each), and Mathematics: Basic or Advance (must choose one, 4 or 8 lesson respectively). Electives include three major subjects covering four or five sub-subjects with four lessons allocated per week for each one (students may choose one or two or three of them): • Science: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Earth and Environmental Studies • Social Studies: Moral/Civics, History, Geography, Economics • EVEP (Effective Vocational Education Program): ICT/Technology, Accounting Business Management, Local Vocational Technical Subject, Tourism and Arts Education, and other subjects. Those choosing Basic Maths or Advanced Maths must choose four sub-subjects or three subjects respectively from the electives.



Education in Cambodia is controlled by the state through the Ministry of Education at the national level and by the Department of Education at the provincial level.