A Flat White is a popular coffee drink that originated from Australia or New Zealand (there's a bit of a friendly rivalry over where it was first created). It's similar to a latte but typically smaller in size and made with a higher ratio of coffee to milk. The key differences lie in the texture of the milk and the coffee-to-milk ratio:
Coffee Base: A Flat White is made with a double shot of espresso, providing a strong coffee flavor.
Milk: The milk is steamed to a smooth, velvety texture, but not as frothy or airy as you might find in a latte or cappuccino. The aim is to achieve a rich, creamy consistency that blends seamlessly with the espresso.
Size: A standard Flat White is usually served in a smaller, 5 to 6 oz (about 150-180 ml) cup. This smaller size leads to a higher coffee-to-milk ratio than you'd find in a typical latte, which often comes in larger sizes.

To make a Flat White, baristas pull a double espresso shot into a cup, then add the steamed milk. The result is a strong but smooth coffee flavor, with the milk complementing rather than overwhelming the espresso. It's a favorite among coffee aficionados who appreciate the balance of milk with a pronounced coffee taste.